Amy Canfield is an Associate Professor of history at Lewis-Clark State College. She earned her Ph.D. from Washington State University in 2008. She teaches courses in women's history, American Indian history, history of the American West, and U.S. popular culture. She has published articles in the Journal of the West, Idaho Yesterdays, and the Journal of American Culture. She has also served as a consultant for the Center for the State of the Parks, conducting cultural resource assessments on the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail, Grand Canyon National Park, Vicksburg National Military Park, and Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park.
The 1960s were a time of questioning authority, society, politics, and sexuality. Women were integral participants in this generational turmoil. In the 1950s, popular culture taught females "correct" roles of innocence and submissiveness. By the early 1960s, women began questioning these roled, questioning their sexuality, and questioning why their voices had been muted for so long. Examining early hits of girls groups and female singers reveals this questioning, and it also reveals the importance of women within the music industry, calling attention to the changing issues that were going to boil over with the feminist movement and the sexual revolution.
In 1951, the Idaho Legislature voted to close a teachers' training school (Northern Idaho College of Education) in Lewiston, Idaho. This closure (and a concurrent one at the state's other teachers' school in Albion) came at a time when the need for trained educators was rapidly increasing due to the baby boom. Students, faculity, and staff at NICE fought against the closure, but ultimately they lost. The school remained closed until 1955, when it reopended under a new name. This presentation examines the rationale behind the closure and what this decision reveals about the role of education in the state.