Tom Blanchard received his graduate training in history with emphasis on U.S. and Western history at San Francisco State University. Since moving to Idaho in 1977, Blanchard has focused on Idaho history, doing projects and research in Idaho for the past thirty years. He taught U.S. and Idaho and the Pacific Northwest history for the College of Southern Idaho and served on the board of the Idaho Humanities Council. He currently is Chairman of the Board of Trustees for the Idaho State Historical Society. In addition, Blanchard served three terms as County Commissioner from Blaine County and five years as a city administrator adding a very contemporary public policy perspective to historical issues which shade our lives.
Power point presentation that explores how four primary families owned and controlled the mines, production and the town of Bayhorse from its discovery in 1877 to the sales of the town and mines to the Idaho Park and Recreation Department of the State of Idaho.
By the 1870’s, Idaho Territory had seen several major gold rushes that accounted for its creation, yet its growth was not sufficient to justify statehood. This changed by 1880. Gold discoveries in the Yankee Fork area and lead-silver in the Wood River Valley and the Coeur d’Alenes attracted thousands of miners who changed the political climate as well as the landscape. The impact of both political and environmental decisions of that early period remain with us yet today and deserve evaluation as we move into the 21st Century.
Tim Goodale was an early trapper, explorer and route guide in the league with such notables as Jim Bridger, Kit Carson and Jedediah Smith. In 1862, Goodale pioneered a new route through Southern Idaho for Oregon Trail travelers headed towards Boise and on to Oregon. During this later trail period, Idaho represented, more than any other area, the quintessential trail experience – long bleak stretches of desert, frequent Indian encounters, lack of contact with the “civilized” world, and difficult river crossings. Goodale’s cutoff became the preferred route for thousands of westering pioneers during the 1860’s through the 1880’s. But it was not an easy journey. A waterless, thirty-five-mile journey from Ft. Hall to Butte Mountain followed by torturous lava fields of the present day Craters of the Moon taxed every traveler. And it was not without great impact on the areas adjacent to the trail.